William Chandler Bagley
William Chandler Bagley was born in Detroit, Michigan. Bagley was an educator and theorist of educational "essentialism." His goal was to determine the scientific theoretical basis for the professionalization of teacher education. His curriculum for the student’s included to read, write, gain knowledge of basic facts of geography, history, literature and art. Physical and social sciences are the “essential” subjects students must learn. His writings, books and journal articles influenced education in America during the 19th century. His textbook, Classroom Management, gave teachers skills and techniques to control the classroom, which was part of his educational philosophy. Bagley had an essentialist position in education.